During the early 19th century, the Hartford area was a center of abolitionist activity, and the most famous abolitionist family was the Beechers.The Reverend Lyman Beecher was an important Congregational minister known for his anti-slavery sermons.
In 1860, Hartford was the site of the first "Wide Awakes," abolitionist supporters of Abraham Lincoln.
Therefore, Hooker delivered a sermon that inspired the writing of the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, a document ratified January 14, 1639 which invested the people with the authority to govern, rather than ceding such authority to a higher power. Today, one of Connecticut's nicknames is the "Constitution State." The original settlement area contained the site of the Charter Oak, an old white oak tree in which colonists hid Connecticut's Royal Charter of 1662 to protect it from confiscation by an English governor-general.
Historians suggest that Hooker's conception of self-rule embodied in the Fundamental Orders inspired the Connecticut Constitution, and ultimately the U. The state adopted the oak tree as the emblem on the Connecticut state quarter.
Dutch fur traders from New Amsterdam returned in 1623 with a mission to establish a trading post and fortify the area for the Dutch West India Company.
The original site was located on the south bank of the Park River in the present-day Sheldon/Charter Oak neighborhood.